Collectienummer: 025041 Gebruikt: leger
Typenaam: M60 1A1 Kleur: groen
Land herkomst Zweden/Duitsland Materiaal: staal met eerste liner
Land gebruikt: Duitsland Inscripties:  
Periode gebruikt: 1981 > Bijzonderheden: Helm Bodentruppe 1A1
 
Stahlhelm M56. The earliest Bundeswehr helmets were almost exact copies of late US M1. They were made of manganese steel and weighed about 1.5 kg complete. The official designation was Stahlhelm, while the liner was designated Helm. The first 190.000 pieces were manufactured between 1956 and 1958 by Linnemann & Schnetzer (in Ahlen) and F. W. Quist (Esslingen) The resinated cloth liners were made by Schuberth (in Braunschweig), Römer (Neu-Ulm), Bebrit Preßstoffwerke (Bebra), Maury & Co (Offenbach) and Römmler (Großumstadt). Chinstraps were initially bar tacked to the hinged loops, later attached by clips. The helmets were coloured olive-green (orange for MPs, blue grey for parade), a splinter pattern camouflage cover was provided. The manufacturer’s initials location and last two years of the date were stamped inside the body, liner and on the webbing. Some 190,000 were produced between June 1956 and October 1958, when the decision to adopt a single shelled helmet was made. The liner alone, however, continued to be used a Protokolhelm for parade use. Later versions of these were made by Schuberth of blue grey thermoplastic and are so designated by a stamp inside.
 
 
Stahlhelm Modell 1A1: They disliked the two shell concept and soon adopted a one piece helmet which combined the M1 shape with the traditional lining. Difficulties in procuring manganese steel led to a reversion to nickle steel, which was also more malleable allowing a rolled rim. In 1958 30.000 onepiece helmets were ordered from Eskilstuna Ståhlpressings AB in Sweden, and were made from Swedish steel. These were called Stahlhelm Modell 1A1. Based on the M1, the German version was rounder in form with an inwardly turned rim. Later M1A1 helmets were made in Germany from magnetic nickle chrome steel produced by Edelstahlwerke (in Krefeld), and drawn by VDN, and later by L&S and Quist. The Helm1A1 came in three sizes: 66, 68 and 71, weighing between 1.2-1.4 kg.. It had a v50 of 275 m/s. The bodies were marked VDN (Vereinigte Deutsche Nickelwerke AG of Schwerte), PSL (Paul Schulze of Lubeck) or SW (Schuberth Werke). Of the initial test order, Eskiltuna produced 27,500 steel bodies (unofficially  dubbed the Schwedenhelm), in 1959. They had a  lining, invented by Römer of Neu-Ulm, but also by the Schuberth-Werke of Braunschweig. The Innenausstattung FJ 60 (liner FJ 60) had a fibre or fibre glass lining band held by four rivets to the steel body with cork spacers to which was sewn a nine tongued leather crown, like the I-31. It was fixed by fourrivets into the lower part of the shell (two in front, two in back). it is believed that says that liners with holes in the leather tongues were made by Schuberth, and those without holes by Römer. Schuberth developed and introduced a new liner in 1960, that could be adjusted to three different sizes  (53-55, 55-57, 57-61- the FJ 60 came in only two sizes), called the “Innenausstattung 60” ( I 60), later an Übergröße ( 61-64) was introduced.Based on its earlier work on the I 53 (used on the Bundesgenzschutz helmet) Schuberth’s top-mounted I 60, had a molded polyethylene  cup with five descending struts which held a spring steel band to which an I 31 type crown was stapled. It was attached to a bolt inserted through the top of the helmet body.To each side of the body was riveted a sheet steel clip to which snapped a wire loop sewn to one of the ends of a two piece green web chin-strap.  The right strap had an oiled brass triangular male clasp, the left strap a double wire snap hook.  This was also used on the Austrian Stahlhelm1 and Swedish m/37/70 There are some (transitional?) M60 with the top bolt to the inside top of the body and the shell dome to hold the I. 60.These helmets were probably the first ones to be issued with I. 60. Steel producers and the drawing (stamping) works were reluctant to allow holes to be drilled through the shells to insert rivets or bolts. Eskilstuna Stalpressnings in Sweden refused to guarantee protection capability of their helmet bodies if there were rivet holes drilled or bolts welded into the dome. The new helmet was officially designated the Helm1A1 in October 1961 in the VTL(Vorläufige Technische Lieferbedingungen). It also received the designation Helm, Bodentruppen., These terms do not distinguish between the FJ 60 and helmets with the Schuberth I 60 lining.
 
 
Helm Bodentruppe 1A1 (modifiziert). In the 1970s the Bundeswehr tested various modified suspensions, and in February 1981, officially adopted the Helm1A1 (modifiziert). All subsequent helmets were built to this standard, while approximately 100,000 helmets per year were retrofitted on being returned to depots by released conscripts. Improvements were achieved by extending a sort of nape holder down the back side of the liner, so that it would hold better on the wearer’s head, as in a construction worker’s helmet. Also it was improved by providing it with a chin-strap fastened to the brim at three points, like the Israeli M1 clone. Technical details were designed in a VTL in 1982. Retrofitted Helm1A1s  retain the peened over rivets for the old chin-strap clips. It was also produced in a gigantic “Übergröße” 73 for head sizes 62-66, using a shell that looks rather different to the normal sizes.In 1991 the “Flecktarn” camouflage cover was introduced, its underside being white for snow camouflage. Before that, only clipon camouflage nets were issued although, there were field tests with experimental covers, during the 1960s with the “Amöbentarn” and the “Schneetarn” patterns.
 
 
Helm1A1LL: In the late 1950s, the Bundeswehr undertook extensive tests of various paratroop helmet designs, many based on the old Fallschirmjägerhelm, or cut down from the Helm1. The old FJ style helmet was thought to give insufficient protection to the neck and temples and against rain. In addition, the Bundeswehr wanted to give its troops a standardized “battle-silhouette”. It therefore decided to adopt a helmet using the Helm Bodentruppen body fitted with a Schuberth 60 type lining, modified for airborne use with foam pads around the inside of the shell plus cradle strapping in the dome . GE BRD FJ 60 interior. Four vented screw bolts attached the liner and a fourpoint suspension (similar to that of old the FJ helmet but in greenbrown leather) to the body. Designated the Helm1A1LL (Luftlandetruppe), the first orders were placed in November 1959, and the definitive design finalized in August 1961. The Helm1A1 was also exported to Iran (painted sand) and the Helm1A1LL to Belgium. German firms such as LS, Schuberth and VDN also offered standard two piece M1s for export with resinated cloth, nylon and plastic liners and with both Riddle and cradle style webbing.  Buyers included: Austria, Belgium, the Netherlands, Spain and reportedly Turkey and various Persian Gulf states. The German firm Technologue also made an M1 clone from a ballistic nylon called Corlon, which was copied by a number of countries including Israel and South Korea.